Tag Archives: Iran

Visit Shiraz Atiq Jame’ Mosque during Your Traveling in Iran

Atiq Jame’ Mosque dates back to the reign of Saffarid Amr bin Leys and its grandeur has been described in great detail by Ibn Batuta and Madame Dieulafoy in their writings while traveling in Iran. The Saffarids hailed from the province of Sistan in Iran. They ruled from 867 AD to 903 AD and have been responsible for the construction of many public buildings among which this mosque is one of the oldest and most beautiful in the country.

This structure was built in 894 AD to commemorate the win over Abbassid Caliph al-Movaffaq by Amr Leys. In fact, he was involved in many wars which led to the destruction of the mosque several times. But each time, the structure was rebuilt and its beauty was restored. Some beautiful Saffavid restoration is outstanding with dark blue colors.

The Inside of the Mosque

You will be impressed by the good condition of Atiq Jame’ Mosque even today. The reconstruction work was carried on by the succeeding rulers including the Pahlavi kings. The Department of Archaeology and the local people of Fars province have also contributed to preserving the dignity of this grand building.

When you visit Shiraz, you will see that this mosque had six portals and many huge Shabestans. Most of them are in ruins now. Originally, the courtyard or the Sahn had marble flooring. The vestibules which opened to the courtyard had stone basins where the people washed their feet before entering.

Khuda Khane or House of God is a cubic building situated in the middle of the courtyard. The presence of this element in this mosque in unique as you don’t often see such structure inside the courtyard of the mosques.

The Main Portal of Atiq Jame’ Mosque

The most important portal was on the northern side and was known as The Twelve Imams. While traveling in Iran, you can admire the stone work on the piers and borders of the portal. Brick work has also been done on the structure with the finishing touch being provided by glazed mosaic tiles. When you visit Shiraz, you can read the verses from Quran written on the portal with arabesque designs in the background.

In Atiq Jame’ Mosque, a vestibule connects the portal with the entrance, with numerous blind arches around it. Stalactites cover the ceiling, which is again decorated with verses of Quran on all the sides. Besides this, you can also see many inscriptions belonging to Safavid era.

Destination Iran provides Iran tourist visa services for you as part of its Iran travel packages. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.

Related Traveling Articles

Visit Tabriz House of Constitution While traveling in Iran

Tabriz House of Constitution can be visited when you reach Motahari Ave in the city of Tabriz. Located near the Tabriz bazaar, this building has great historical significance. Popularly known as Khaneh Mashrouteh, this building was used as a rendezvous for the activists, leaders and sympathizers involved in the movement.

You will notice about the greatness of the leaders Bagher Khan, Sattar Khan, Haji Mirza Aqa Farshi and Seqat-ol-Eslam while studying Iranian history. The structure came into existence in 1868 due to the efforts of Haj Vali Me’mar-e Tabrizi. The building has two stories with many halls and rooms. The main attractions of the structure lie in the beautiful skylight and the corridor which is full of mirrors and colorful glass fittings.

The Significance of the Structure

Haj Mehdi Koozekonani ordered the Tabriz House of Constitution to be built in 1868. The structure is reminiscent of Qajar style of architecture. Being a successful merchant in Tabriz bazaar, Haj Mehdi Koozekonani initiated the Constitution revolution and the consequent movement in Tabriz. He funded the revolution and became a major activist in it.

This house was made to facilitate the meetings of the leaders of the revolution. The underground paper related to the Constitution movement was also published from this building. As the years passed by, this structure again came into prominence after World War II when Azerbaijan’s Democrat Party made it their meeting center in 1946-1947. The House has long since been registered under the Cultural Heritage of Iran in 1975.

Visiting the Building

The meetings in this gathering place regarding the Constitution revolution finally reached a head in 1906. More than 12,000 men came together outside the British embassy in Iran and expressed their demand for a parliament which would ultimately throw the Shah out of power. Elections were consequently held with 156 members being elected.

A constitutional assembly was formed in the first meeting of parliament which decided to make the country’s fundamental law. Modeled on the Belgian example, the first Iran constitution was made and signed on December 31, 1906. The Shah died only 5 days later. This historic house still remains a mute spectator of the revolution which you can see while traveling in Iran.

Destination Iran provides Iran tourism services for all travelers. Ask for such Iran travel packages or have one customized at http://www.destinationiran.com.

Visit Qazvin Atiq Jame’ Mosque during Your traveling in Iran

Atiq Jame’ Mosque in Qazvin is used for large congregations and is one of the best structures to see while traveling in Iran. Located in Qazvin province, it is one of the oldest mosques in the country and still stands tall in the city despite being ravaged by the atrocities of time.

Harun-al-Rashid is said to have started the construction of this mosque in 807CE. The building was reconstructed and many additions were made to it by the succeeding rulers. The last trace of work seems to have been done during the rule of the Safavids.

History of the Building

When you visit Qazvin, you can notice there are 2 layers in the main dome of Atiq Jame’ Mosque. Research shows that this dome was built by the Seljuks. It holds some fine relief calligraphy of the days gone by. Most parts of the building were ruined and efforts are on to reconstruct and conserve as much of the precious architecture and artwork as possible. Studies point to the fact that the mosque has been built on a Zoroastrian fire temple.

Need to Safeguard It

While traveling in Iran, you will hear many anecdotes of the Mongol invasion. But despite attempts to destroy the structure, it is still in a reasonably good condition even today. People who visit Qazvin also make a trip to this beautiful Atiq Jame’ Mosque.

A great part of the building has now been converted into a public library. There is still a Shabestan and Ab anbar (water reservoir) in the mosque, which are protected by Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization to maintain the honor and dignity of the structure.

Pride of Qazvin

Like all the grand mosques you will see while traveling in Iran, Atiq Jame’ Mosque also has 2 attractive minarets and you can almost feel that an ivan should have been near it. The style of architecture resembles the Central Asian mosques and it is believed that many people gathered in the building to offer their prayers in the olden days. The building occupies an important place in the history of Qazvin, which served as the capital city of the Safavid dynasty in 1548.

Destination Iran provides Iran visa services as part of its Iran travel packages for the tourists of all nationalities. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.

Visit Hasht Behesht Palace In Isfahan While Traveling In Iran

Hasht Behesht Palace is better known as Eight Paradises and was the residence of the kings who reigned during Safavid period. Shah Suleiman was credited with the construction of this complex in 1669. In its original condition, the main palace was surrounded by a huge and beautiful garden and many more buildings which also came under the name of Hasht Behesht.

The garden and the other smaller buildings are no longer in existence but the main palace still stands proudly in Isfahan. When you visit Bagh-e-Bolbol (Nightingale’s Garden) while traveling in Iran, you can see this grand palace inside it.

Interior Decoration

You can also reach Hasht Behesht Palace when you travel north of Bazaarcheh-ye Boland (Bazaar-e Honar) or east of Chahar Bagh Avenue in Isfahan. This two-storied building has a unique architecture with interesting decorations. Marble slabs lavishly cover the structure along with many stalactite vault decorations and beautiful tile work.

The tiles are attractively designed with pictures of animals and can be seen on the outer side of the building. Among the many structural divisions inside the palace, you will find Shah Neshin (Royal Parlor), many rooms, a verandah and numerous iwans having gilded frescoes all over them.

Layout of the Structure

The Isfahan municipality has now built the Raja’i park surrounding Hasht Behesht Palace, which is popularly used as a promenade by the local people. When Shah Suleiman built this palace, he used a very different style from the previous pavilion built at Chehel Sotun twenty years before. This palace at Isfahan has two stories constructed around a central dome with four rooms at the four corners. These four rooms are octagonal in shape with huge pillars and they lead to spacious porches in the east, west and south directions with an iwan in the north.

Tourist Site

There are inscriptions on the Hasht Behesht Palace which you can see while traveling in Iran. These writings suggest that the interior of the palace was originally covered with wall paintings and tiles which were later removed. However, you can still see some of the mirror mosaic work on the vault. There is also a fountain under the dome. The NOCHMI has taken the task of restoring the palace to its previous grandeur.

Destination Iran provides Iran visa services as part of its Iran tour packages for the tourists of all nationalities. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.

Related Traveling Articles

Visit Bisotun Inscriptions While Traveling in Iran

If you opt for an Iran travel package, you will have the good fortune to visit Bisotun while traveling in Iran. This place had an old Persian name of Baghestan which translates to “place of the Gods”. You will enjoy seeing the inscriptions which have been made on the rock face quite close to the village of Bisotun.

The carvings are placed at a great height but are visible to the people who pass by. Since it was a significant trade route, most travelers stopped by to gaze at the awe-inspiring inscriptions. Moreover, there is a spring gushing out near the site which made the travelers stop to quench their thirst and also to refill their water stores to last them on their journey.

Huge Relief

While traveling in Iran, you will see the famous Bisotun inscriptions placed about 100m above the ground and occupying a substantial area on the rocks. The reason for the carvings being made at such a large distance from the ground is to assure its safety and rule out any chances of tampering.

What catches your eye first is the huge relief of Darius I with ten captives in front of him, all of them being chained at the neck. Two more people are leading them away. Faravahar, the winged man symbol of Zoroastrians, is shown just above, showing his patronage of the king. This shows that Darius had great faith in Zoroastrianism.

Deciphering the Inscriptions

The inscriptions which you will see when you visit Bisotun are in three languages: Old Persian, New Babylonian and New Elamite. This also helped historians to be able to read the ancient Cuneiform script. The carvings relate the story of how Darius became king after vanquishing his greatest enemy and occupied the Achaemenid throne. The enemy was a priest and a son of Cyrus who was defeated by Darius, who then had the Bisotun inscriptions made on the rocks in 520 BC as a reminder of this event.

Later Additions

The Seleucids later added another statue of Hercules, the Greek hero, which you will see when you visit Bisotun. This statue is below the main carvings and defines the power of the hero. This statue was made in 148 BC. Later, the Arsakids also made other carvings. You will be able to enjoy all these while traveling in Iran.

Destination Iran arranges tour packages for traveling in Iran for all the tourists who want to take a trip to Iran. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.

Visit Nain Friday Mosque While Traveling in Iran

An interesting reminder of the Sassanian architecture, Nain Friday Mosque is one of the first mosques built in Iran. This is much before the original Islamic architecture found its root in the Muslim world. While traveling in Iran, you will be met by many intricately decorated mosques, but the structure of this building and the material used in this building is very different from the rest. Later additions were made by the Iranian architects who used the same kind of brick work and plaster work to adorn the interior of the mosque.

Simple Structuring

Nain Friday Mosque was built prior to the Seljuk era and it includes very simple architecture. Though there have been several restoration work done through the years, yet the original easy design is quite noticeable to the eye. There is a huge courtyard in the mosque which you can reach by walking through the arcades. The different layers of work during the original Sassanian period and the later Seljuk era are evident in the varying styles of work. There are angled piers which are totally made in the initial times but the courtyard facade itself looks like reconstruction work.

Different Styles

Glimpses of the mosque designs which later came into existence in Iran can also be seen in Nain Friday Mosque in the construction of the qibla axis. The interestingly designed central nave along with the angled piers looks distinctly different on the arcade roofline.

Although you might have seen several minarets while traveling in Iran, the one in this structure is reminiscent of the style of work in the 11th century. The base is a square with the mid-section being octagonal. Carved stucco work on the cornice finishes off the tip of the minaret.

A Fusion of Architecture

Unlike the later minarets which you will see while traveling in Iran, the minaret in Nain Friday Mosque has a balcony in the cornice which looks like a dovecote with its apertures. The plain architectural style of the minaret clearly suggests that it was built prior to the Seljuk era. The stucco work in the mosque is its most remarkable aspect. It shows a transition from the Sassanian and Abbasid eras to the Seljuk times.

Destination Iran arranges tour packages for traveling in Iran for all the tourists who want to visit Iran. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.

Visit Bisotun Inscriptions While Traveling In Iran

If you opt for an Iran travel package, you will have the good fortune to visit Bisotun while traveling in Iran. This place had an old Persian name of Baghestan which translates to “place of the Gods”. You will enjoy seeing the inscriptions which have been made on the rock face quite close to the village of Bisotun.

The carvings are placed at a great height but are visible to the people who pass by. Since it was a significant trade route, most travelers stopped by to gaze at the awe-inspiring inscriptions. Moreover, there is a spring gushing out near the site which made the travelers stop to quench their thirst and also to refill their water stores to last them on their journey.

Huge Relief

While traveling in Iran, you will see the famous Bisotun inscriptions placed about 100m above the ground and occupying a substantial area on the rocks. The reason for the carvings being made at such a large distance from the ground is to assure its safety and rule out any chances of tampering.

What catches your eye first is the huge relief of Darius I with ten captives in front of him, all of them being chained at the neck. Two more people are leading them away. Faravahar, the winged man symbol of Zoroastrians, is shown just above, showing his patronage of the king. This shows that Darius had great faith in Zoroastrianism.

Deciphering the Inscriptions

The inscriptions which you will see when you visit Bisotun are in three languages: Old Persian, New Babylonian and New Elamite. This also helped historians to be able to read the ancient Cuneiform script. The carvings relate the story of how Darius became king after vanquishing his greatest enemy and occupied the Achaemenid throne. The enemy was a priest and a son of Cyrus who was defeated by Darius, who then had the Bisotun inscriptions made on the rocks in 520 BC as a reminder of this event.

Later Additions

The Seleucids later added another statue of Hercules, the Greek hero, which you will see when you visit Bisotun. This statue is below the main carvings and defines the power of the hero. This statue was made in 148 BC. Later, the Arsakids also made other carvings. You will be able to enjoy all these while traveling in Iran.

Destination Iran arranges tour packages for traveling in Iran for all the tourists who want to take a trip to Iran. Learn more at: http://www.destinationiran.com.